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《Journal of Molecular Catalysis (China)》 2002-04
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Influence of Calcinating Temperature on Structure and Catalytic Activity of Zirconium Cross-linking Clay Solid Acid Modified by SO_4~(2-)

GUO Xi\|kun, LIN Qi\|chun, FU Li\|hua, DENG Xiang\|hua (Department of Chemistry Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China)  
Zirconium cross\|linking clay prepared by cation exchange of Na\|Bentonites with polyhydroxyl Zirconium ion and modified by SO 4 2- has been used as solid acid catalyst. The activity of the catalyst was measured for the esterification of citric acid with n \|butanol. The structure of the catalyst was characterized by means of XRD, IR and DTA. The influence of different calcinating temperatures on structure and catalytic activity of the catalyst was studied. The results showed that superacid structure was formed at the calcinating temperature of 500 ℃. The conversion of citric acid was higher than 96.6%, and the ester yield was up to \{95.72%.\}
【Fund】: 广东省教育厅自然科学研究项目;; 汕头大学研究与发展基金项目;; 汕头大学工业催化“2 11工程”建设项目资助
【CateGory Index】: O643.3
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