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Status quo of research on grafting methods for poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) materials

ZHANG Fang~1,LIU Jinqiang~1,FAN Qinguo~2(1.The Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology,Ministry of Education,Zhejiang Sci?-Tech University,Hangzhou,Zhejiang 310018,China;2.Department of Textile Sciences,University of Massachusetts,Dartmouth,USA)  
Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)(PNIPAAM) is a new type of thermo-sensitive polymer which is an area of extensive study and gaining rapid development nowadays.However,the low intensity of PNIPAAM restricts its application fields seriously.To remedy this deficiency,grafting PNIPAAM to other macromolecule materials with better physical property becomes a feasible method.Meanwhile,the macromolecule materials will be endowed with some special properties after grafting.This reviews the present researches working on the grafting methods of N-isopropylacrylamide including radiation grafting,solution free radical grafting,photo-induced grafting,and low temperature plasma grafting.
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