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《Molecular Plant Breeding》 2003-01
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Genetic Analysis of Mutant Progenies Derived From thr Rice Pollen Irradiated by γ Ray

Wang Houcong Qiu Simi Chen Ruming Fang Yashun Yang Juemin Huang Youzhe Huang Yumin * School of Life Science , Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005  
The rice sexual hybridization procedures using rice mature pollen irradiated by γ ray has been established, techniques for reserving rice mature pollen more than two hours has also been developed. The best dose for irradiating rice mature pollen is about 46Gy, which will generate lots of mutants. There are more mutant traits of third mutant progenies than that of second, furthermore the additive effects of mutant traits has been observed with the increase of generation, most of mutant lines could be stable in fifth generations. Definitely the mutant loci generated byγray irradiation do belong to quantitative trait locus mutagenesis, dominant and recessive genetic locus mutations will take place, resulting in the variations of traits in the mutants especially of panicles. Using the techniques of mutation breeding by irradiation on rice mature pollen, plenty of mutants has been obtained, which has superior traits of good quality, high yield, and better resistance, especially the traits of grain appearance, such as long grain,big grain and long panicle, have been gotten. Also new cultivar of early indica rice, named Jiahezaozhan, with good quality and high yield has been developed and approved, and another variety called Jiafuzhan with the traits of good quality, high resistances, high yield and high 1000 grain weight has been released recently. The results of this research have been showed that the techniques was one of the best choice to enrich the rice genetic germplasm bank, it is also the suitable solutions for generating the mutants to do functional hene identification.
【CateGory Index】: S511
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