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《Molecular Plant Breeding》 2003-04
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Bioresistance or Biodegradation of Glyphosate and Construction of Transgenic Plants

Zhu Yu Yu Zhonglian Lin Min * Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing, 100081 *Corresponding author, linmin57@vip 163 com  
Glyphosate (N phosphonomethyl glycine) competitively inhibits the activity of 5-enolpyruvyl shikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSP Synthase) in the shikimic acid pathway. EPSP synthase encoded by aroA is a critical enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids, such as tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine, in bateria and plants. There are two major metabolic pathways found in microbes for glyphosate detoxification. The first involves oxidative cleavage of the nitrogen carbon bond to yield aminomethylphophonic acid (AMPA), which can be further degraded to inorganic phosphate. A second pathway involves the breaking of the phosphorus carbon bond by a novel C P lyase to generate sarcosine, which can be further metabolized. Glyphosate tolerance has been achieved in crops by overexpressing EPSP synthase or introducing glyphosate resistant aroA gene as well as genes involved in glyphosate metabolism.
【CateGory Index】: S482.4
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