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《Molecular Plant Breeding》 2009-01
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Feasibility of the Chloroplast 5S rDNA ITS and matK Gene Sequence to the Phylogenetic Relationships in the Genus of Phyllostachys

Li Lubin1 Liu Lei2 Yuan Jinling 3 Dong Yinmao 2 Hu Tao 1 Miao Kun 1 He Congfen 2 1 Key Lab of Tree Breeding and Cultivation, State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091; 2 Beijing Key Lab of Plant Resources Research and Development, College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, 100037; 3 Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Fuyang, 311400  
The method of CTAB was used to extract 37 species bamboo genomic DNA. The primers were designed based on the chloroplast 5S rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS ) and matK gene sequence which were published in the GeneBank. The PCR product of 5S rRNA ITS is about 450 bp and then was sequenced directly. The se-quencing results were analysed by software DNAMAN and showed that the 37 species had the same length except Phyllostachys shuchengensis had a variable site (compared with other species among Phyllostachys) in the 392nd (A→C). The results indicate that 5S rDNA ITS sequence in 37 species bamboo was very conservative and it could not provide enough information for the relationship of the species among Phyllostachys. PCR product of matK se-quence amplified from 3 species bamboo genomic DNA was sequenced respectively and it is about 1 500 bp. Based on multiple sequence alignment of matK sequence, RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) site (BstNⅠ) was discovered. After all the PCR products of matK sequence were digested by BstNⅠ, three species Phyllostachys meyeri, Phyllostachys parvifolia and Phyllostachys angusta were branched from the others in Phyl lostachys in the 938th. The results indicated that the matK gene in Phyllostachys is also conservative, and it can not provide enough information for evolutionary studies under Phyllostachys. The chloroplast 5S rDNA ITS gene and matK gene have no value for the phylogenetic relationships in the genus of Phyllostachys, but they could be used to study the phylogenetic relationships of above the genera and faster rate of evolution in the genera.
【Fund】: 中国林科院亚林所基本科研业务费(RISF6807);; 国家林业局植物新品种测试指南及已知品种数据库(2009005)资助
【CateGory Index】: S795
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