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《Guizhou Agricultural Sciences》 2010-08
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Resistance Induced by Chitosan Oligosaccharide to Rice Sheath Blight

BAI Chun-wei1,2,JIANG Xuan-li1,2,DING Hai-xia1,2,ZUO Xi1,2(1.Guizhou Key Laboratory for Agricultural Pest Management of Mountainous Region,Guiyang,Guizhou 550025;2.Agricultural College,Guizhou University,Guiyang,Guizhou 550025,China)  
The resistance induced by chitosan oligosaccharide to rice sheath blight was studied to efficiently and safely control rice sheath blight.The results showed that chitosan oligosaccharide had no obvious inhibition effect on hyphae and sclerotia of rice sheath blight bacterium,but spraying different concentration of chitosan oligosaccharide solution on rice leaves could significantly reduce its disease rate and index of rice sheath blight and its relative control effect was above 50.0%.Because the different degree of induced resistance to rice sheath blight was affected by different concentration of chitosan oligosaccharide solution,the control effect of rice sheath blight was different.The induced resistance to rice sheath blight by spraying 50 μg/mL chitosan oligosaccharide solution was the highest and its control effect was up to 65.56%.Spraying chitosan oligosaccharide solution on rice leaves could improve the activity of POD,PPO,PAL and β-1,3-glucanase in rice plants and the activity improvement of the defensive enzymes is a biochemical mechanism of inducing resistance to rice sheath blight in rice plants.
【Fund】: 贵州省优秀教育人才省长基金项目“水稻品种对纹枯病抗病性机制的分子细胞学研究”[(2005)348]
【CateGory Index】: S435.111
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