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《Guizhou Agricultural Sciences》 2011-05
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Effect of Leaf Picking Maturity on Chemical Composition of Honghuadajinyuan,a Characteristic Flue-cured Tobacco Variety in Guizhou

CHEN Xue1,CHEN Li-ping2,AI Fu-qing2(1.Tobacco Company of Bijie Prefecture,Bijie,Guizhou 551700;2.College of Agriculture,Guizhou University,Guiyang,Guizhou 550025,China)  
The effect of different leaf picking maturity on presentation quality and chemical composition of Honghuadajinyuan,a characteristic flue-cured tobacco variety under the high altitude condition to provide reference for estimating the appropriate picking maturity of characteristic flue-cured tobacco.The results indicated that the chemical composition showed a regularity change trend with the increase of leaf picking maturity.With the increase of leaf picking maturity,the content of total nitrogen and protein showed a declining trend,the nicotine content in lower leaf presented a first decline and then increase trend,the nicotine content in middle and upper leaf presented a increase trend,the content of petroleum ether,total sugar and reducing sugar presented a first increase and then decline trend,the starch content in lower leaf present a first increase and then decline trend,,and the starch content in middle and upper leaf presented a decline trend.The appropriate picking characteristics of lower,middle and upper leaves for improving leaf chemical composition harmony is 20%~30% yellowed leaves with 1/3~1/2 whitened main and second veins,40%~50% yellowed leaves with 1/2~2/3 whitened main and second veins and 70%~80% yellowed leaves with over 2/3 whitened main and second veins respectively.
【Fund】: 毕节地区烟草公司自立项目“红花大金元配套技术研究与应用”[(2008)01-02]
【CateGory Index】: S572
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