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《Guizhou Agricultural Sciences》 2012-08
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Characteristics of Heavy Metal Pollutions in Soils of Typical Lead-zinc Mining Areas in Guizhou Province and the Ecological Risk Assessment

MENG Zhong-chang1,WU Di1,DENG Qin1, QIN Fan-xin1,LI Cun-xiong1,LUO Chong2,WU Kun3(1.Guizhou Normal University,Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Mountainous Environment,Guiyang,Guizhou 550001;2.School of Life Sciences,Guizhou Normal University,Guiyang,Guizhou 550001;3.Department of Chemical Sciences,Guizhou Normal College,Guiyang,Guizhou 550018,China)  
In order to know the heavy metal pollution and its ecological risk in the soil of typical lead and zinc mining areas in Guizhou Province,the concentration of heavy metals in DA,QS,XQ and SS minning areas in Guizhou were chosen to research.N.L.Nemerow comprehensive pollution index method and Lars Hakanson potential ecological risk index method were adopted to research the distribution,the pollution features and the ecological risk of the heavy metals in the soils in the mining areas.The results showed that DA mining area was the most seriously polluted mine with the most serious ecological pollution,based on the reference indexes of soil environment quality standard and the average concentration of the heavy metals in the cultivated land around the mining areas.The comprehensive pollution index and ecological risk of the sampling spots were in the order DAQSXQSS.It is not suitable to grow crops in the mining areas which would do potential harm to health.
【Fund】: 贵州省社会发展攻关项目“贵州典型铅锌矿区土壤重金属污染防治关键技术与修复示范”[黔科合SY(2010)3013];; 贵州省自然科学基金项目“贵州铅锌矿区土壤中重金属铅锌污染特征及铅锌富集植物筛选研究”[黔科合J字(2010)2031];; 理论化学与分子模拟省部共建教育部重点实验室开放课题基金项目“喀斯特地貌铅锌矿区土壤-作物体系中重金属Hg、As迁移分配及Hg、As富集植物筛选研究”(LKF1003)
【CateGory Index】: X833;X820.4
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