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《Journal of Engineering Studies》 2012-01
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Important Effect of the Organic Fertilizer on Soil Fertility and Yield of Crop:a Case Study in Zhende Organic Farm,Henan,China

Zhen zhen1,Bo Wenjing1,Wu Guanglei2,Luo Xiaochuan3,Zheng Yanhai1 (1.Laboratory of Vegetation and Environment Changes,Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100093,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology,College of Agronomy,Shandong Agricultural University,Tai'an 271018,Shandong,China;3.The Henan Zhende Organic Farm,Anyang 455000,Henan,China)  
Using organic fertilizer can effectively improve soil structure,enhance soil organic matter content,and increase the yield of crop,which is the only way for the development of sustainable eco-agriculture.Our study mainly introduces the China's application of organic fertilizer,its important effect on soil fertility and the yield of the crops.An organic farm in Henan was chosen as research object.Calculation of the nitrogen input and output in this agro-ecosystem was done under the routine managements,and the best fertilizing scheme was inves-tigated.The results showed that the least input of the organic fertilizer was 25.5t/hm,which could maintain nitrogen balance of this agro-ecosystem.It is of significance to use organic fertilizer scientifically,reduce produc-tion costs,increase crop yields,and develop the sustainable ecological agriculture.
【Fund】: 山东省人民政府泰山学者专项经费资助(00523952)
【CateGory Index】: S158
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