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《Engineering Science》 2002-10
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Complete Genome Sequence of Shigella flexneri 2a 301 Strain and Analysis of “ Shigella-islands

Liu Hong 1, Yang Fan 1, Zhang Xiaobing 1, Zhang Jiyu 1, Yang Guowei 1, Dong Jie 1, Xue Ying 1, Hou Yunde 1,Yuan Zhenghong 2, Wen Yumei 2, Xu Jianguo 3,Cheng Hongsong 4, Ma Dalong 4, Wang Yu 4,Yang Jian 5, Shen Yan 5, Qiang Boqin 5,Wu  
Shigella flexneri serotype 2a are the most prevalent species and serotype that cause bacillary dysentery or shigellosis in man. This paper presents the complete genome sequence of a Shigella flexneri 2a strain which isolated from the Beijing outbreak, and the primary analysis of “ Shigella genomic islands (SIs)" that means Shigella flexneri 2a 301 strain specific genome fragments. The whole genome is composed of a 4,607,203 bp chromosome and a 221,618 bp virulence plasmid, designated pCP301. The chromosome shares a conserved ‘backbone' sequence about 4 03 Mb with those of a benign laboratory strain E.coli K12 (MG1655) which is essentially collinear. Sf301 has 572 Kb specific sequence which form into 320 SIs with sizes greater than 50 bp and encoding in total 519 Shigella specific Open Reading Frames (ORFs). Among these SIs, there are 131 islands with sizes greater than 1 Kb with repeated sequences of transposable elements, transposons or tRNAs flanking on one or both sides. The average G+C content of the SIs is 48 25%, significantly lower than that of the conserved backbone. Frequency of codons such as ACA, AAT, GCG, CTG, etc., on SIs are quite distinct from that on backbone sequences. All above observations together suggest that many of the SIs are foreign origin. Among them, the authors identified 7 putative SIs with typical structure of pathogenicity islands (PAI) and 2 SIs harbor some ORFs related to biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) have implications in virulence, in addition to the previously identified PAIs, SHE and SHI\|2. The other SIs are mostly a mosaic of genes of known function and ORFs encoding polypeptides sharing none or low homology with known proteins from one or more bacterial species. All of these could be subjected to investigations towards novel preventive and treatment strategies against shigellosis. [
【Fund】: 国家重大基础研究规划 (“973”计划G19990 5 410 5 ) ;; 高新技术研究发展计划 (“863”计划Z19 0 2 0 5 0 1) ;; 北京市科委支持项目 (95 5 0 2 0 70 0 )
【CateGory Index】: R378
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