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《Engineering Science》 2003-04
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Strategic Study on Allocation of Water Resources, Conservation and Upgrading of Eco-environment and Sustainable Development in North-west China

Water resources in northwest region Task Group of Chinese Academy of Engineering (Chinese Academy of Engineering,Beijing\ 100038,China)[  
The northwestern region of China is a vast territory rich in resources and dwelt by many ethnic groups. It is of strategic importance so far as economic development, social security and national defense are concerned and is also an extremely important ecological buffer zone of China. In the last fifty some years, commensurate with the rapid economic development of the region, such environmental problems as land desertification and water pollution have also come into being. Of all problems, that of water resources allocation is the most crucial. It imposes a serious constraint on the sustainable development of the local society and economy. Pursuant to the directives issued by the Central Government on “the development of Chinas west" in harmony with that in ecology and environment, Chinese Academy of Engineering,on approval by the State Council,launched a strategic study on allocation of water resources,conservation and upgrading of eco environment and sustainable development of the northwest region. On the basis of detailed investigations and scientific research, this group has come to realize that, in order to ensure sustainable development of economy, it is imperative to insist on observing the co existence between human being and nature as the peremptory guideline of development. In this connection, sustainable development of social economy must be supported by sustainable utilization of water resources. Rational plans must be drawn up for the overall upgrading of the regional ecology and environment. The structure of industry and the way to effect economic growth must be revamped. A society with its economy based on resources saving, efficient and pollution proof use of water should be developed. Under the condition of sustainable utilization of water resources and protection of eco environment, water resources should be rationally allocated. A suitable policy of population control must be enforced, in order to prevent excessive growth in population. Ten strategic measures are proposed including unified administration of water resources, development of manufacturing and mining industries, acceleration of urbanization, establishment of coordinating mechanism for the conservation and upgrading of eco environment and others. [
【Fund】: 中国工程院“西北地区水资源配置生态环境建设和可持续发展战略研究”咨询项目的综合报告
【CateGory Index】: X171.4;X22
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