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《Urban Mass Transit》 2006-03
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Design of Xujiahui Hinge in Shanghai Rail Transit

Xuz Zengliang,Ma Shiming,Cui Qin,Wang Zhuoying,Zhangh ZhongjieShanghai Urban Construction Design & Research Institute,200011,Shanghai,China  
Informative abstract In "Shanghai Urban Rail Transit Networks Planning" made in 2002(hereinafter referred to as 2002 planning),rail transit Line 1,Line 9 and Line 11 will form a big railway transfer hinge at the center of Xujiahui zone.This is the only transfer hinge with three urban rail transit lines ever built in Shanghai URT Networks.In 2002 planning,these three lines will meet at Xujiahui Station which is already built for Line 1.Despite the convenient transfer presumed in this planning,it can not be implemented.Because Line 1 will be blocked by the pile foundation of skyscrapers constructed in the southern block of Xujiahui Plaza if it runs along Huashan Road.Experts considered this planning infeasible.Being the firstly built and the most prosperous sub-center of Shanghai,Xujiahui Plaza assembles a very large flux of customers and passengers.Besides,integrated in the special structure of road network of the city proper,Xujiahui Plaza serves as an important traffic corridor which links the urban center and the southeast part of Shanghai,and attracts a large flow of all kinds of cars.To avoid influencing the traffic and business activities on the ground,the conventional method can't be adopted for the construction of Xujiahui hinge project.Although many schemes have been submitted,none of them is feasible according to the final judgment of experts.This paper mainly discusses a feasible scheme surveyed and approved by experts,which features the structure as following: the strike of Line 9 will be shifted from Hongqiao Road to the north with its station constructed in the basement of Ganghui Plaza.Thus,the problems seen in conventional stations built under roads,such as the removal of pipelines,the change of traffic routes and the construction of foundation pits will turn into a relatively simple problem for a basement rebuilding.At the same time,the strike of Line 11 will be shifted to Gongcheng Road with its station on the north side of this road,which is perpendicular to the station of Line 9.As the authors hold,this scheme embodies the design concept of "human orientation,environmental harmony,risk evasion,reliability and safety",and avoids the influence of the hinge construction on business,transportation and environment.The characteristics of this scheme are discussed in details:1.The first basement of Grand Gateway will be transformed to a hall for the concourse of the passengers from three metro lines;the second basement will be a hall for transfer,fair collection and a corridor linking the non-fare section and the ground transportation.Because of its convenient transfer,safe gathering and scattering,the capacity of this new hinge is much bigger than that in the original scheme.2.To favor the westward extension of Xujiahui central zone and the prosperous development of business,the stations of Line 1,Line 9 and Line 11 will be located as close to the planned business center of Xujiahui as possible.At the same time,the interface for an integrated transportation and the development of underground space is preserved,which prepares enforceable conditions and sufficient room for the further development of Xujiahui sub-center.3.All the metro station will be built away from the main streets and business areas.By adopting the mining tunnel method,the construction under the trunk roads will largely weaken its influence over the ground traffic and business activities and consequently save the social and economic costs must be paid for the hinge construction in general.4.A combination of the air pavilions and the exit/entrances of Line 9,Line 11 with the architectures nearby,will improve effectively the landscape of this area.5.Because Line 9 and Line 11 intersect Line 1 within this zone,the shield method will ensure the safe operation of Line 1.Besides,the station of Line 9 is built in the basement of Ganghui Plaza,while the station of Line 11 is at the deep tunnel of the third floor underground,there will be less risk for the construction.
【CateGory Index】: U239.5
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