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《Journal of Palaeogeography》 2003-03
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ICE-CARRYING PARTICLES AND ICE-INDUCED SEDIMENTARY STRUCTURES IN YELLOW RIVER DELTA

Jiang Zaixing1 Xian Benzhong1 Chu Baojie2 Song Xiuxian2 He Zhiping3 Xing Huanqing1 Yang Weili1 1College of Earth Resources and Information,University of Petroleum,Dongying 257061,Shandong 2Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,Guangdong 3Department of Resource Exploitation Engineering,China University of Mining & Technology,Beijing 100083  
A special phenomenon,vertical movement of ice-carrying particles,resulting from interactions among ice,water and silt (mud) particles in the Yellow River delta was studied through field observations and simulation experiments. In late winter and early spring,ice melts and the fine sediments (silt or mud particles) under the ice layer are carried upwards with the melting of ice. Studies show that the processes of vertical movement of ice-carrying particles may be divided into three stages,i.e. fragmentation of sediments,part melting of ice and vertical carrying of silt or mud particles,and silt or mud particles falling and some ice-induced sedimentary structures forming. These sedimentary structures of ice-split seams,ice-induced pellets and ice-induced silt or mud slices are important records for existing of ice and reconstruction of sedimentary environment and climate. In addition,the dynamical mechanism of this special movement is discussed in this paper,and two dynamical mechanisms are worked out. The first one is capillary action,and the second thermal convection of ice-melt water. Capillary action is the only dynamics in the open system where the ice-melt water can be discharged or leaked out,and the two dynamical mechanisms contribute together to the special movement in the close system where the ice-melt water can not be discharged or leaked out.
【Fund】: 山东省自然科学基金重点资助项目 (Z2 0 0 1E0 1)部分成果
【CateGory Index】: P512.42
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