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《Journal of Palaeogeography》 2003-03
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EVOLUTION OF OSTRACODA OF THE GREAT ICE AGE OF LAST GLACIAL STAGE IN QAIDAM BASIN

Sun Zhencheng1 Cao Li2 Zhang Haiquan2 Zhang Yonghua2 Dong Ning2 Qiao Zizhen2 Sun Naida3 Yuan Xiujun2 Lu Yanli2 Zhang Hongxin2 1Faculty of Natural Resources and Information Technology, University of Petroleum, Beijing 102200 2Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development of Qinhai Petroleum Corporation, Dunhuang 736202,Gansu 3Geography Department of Capital Normal University, Beijing 100083  
The aquatic biota from the late Late Pleistocene was sampled below 46 m in the Well Dacan 1 of Qaidam Basin.They showed a high abundance and high diversity. The ostracoda was Cyprideis torosa-Ilyocypris inermis assemblage and associated with Charophyta, Gastropoda, Pelecypoda, plants and fishes. The sediments from 46~10 m depth in Well Dacan 1 were deposited in the Great Ice Age of the Last Glacial Stage. In that time, the climate was rather arid and icy, so the playa occurred. The sediments rapidly developed from lake facies mudstone to halite. It was hard to find fossils,and most of biota disappeared completely. The Three-Lake Depression (Taijinaier Lake,Dabuxun Lake and The Huobuxun Lake ) was entirely covered by about 40 m of salt bed, which acted as the last cap layer for natural gas, namely the cover of the gas reservoir.The sediments above 10 m in the Well Dacan 1 were gradually changed into shallow lake mudstone and siltstone gypsiferous salt,which were formed in the Holocene warm stage (modern interglacial stage), or the first stage of oxygen stable isotope. In this stage the salinity of the region decreased and the abundance and diversity of the biota increased again. The ostracoda was replaced by an assemblage of Candona neglecta-Candoniella lactea, which was adapted to the environment of the slight brackish and fresh water. It was also associated richly with Charophyta, Gastropoda, Pelecypoda,etc.Up to now, there has been abundant aquatic biota in the south of Taijinaier Lake,Dabuxun Lake and Huobuxun Lake because of the supply of freshwater from Kunlun Mountains. However, the water is relatively salty in the north of Taijinaier Lake,Dabuxun Lake and Huobuxun Lake owing to the great distance away from the main supply of freshwater. The ostracoda was replaced by the typical salty-lake ostracoda Eucypris inflata. assemblage. The distribution of gypsum-halite beds in the north is obviously more than that in the south of Taijinaier Lake,Dabuxun Lake and Huobuxun Lake.
【Fund】: 石油大学总校科研基金项目 (ZX9916 )资助
【CateGory Index】: Q915
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