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《Journal of Palaeogeography》 2014-02
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Pollen assemblages characteristics of human disturbed vegetation in hilly areas of Shanxi and Hebei Provinces

Li Jie;Xu Qinghai;Cao Xianyong;Tian Fang;Ding Wei;Liang Jian;Institute of Nihewan Archaeology Research,Hebei Normal University;Institute of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Hebei Normal University;Hebei Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction;Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research,Research Unit Potsdam;Department of Geoscience,University of Potsdam;Institute of Geological Sciences,Palaeontology,Free University Berlin;  
The pollen assemblages of 54 surface samples from human disturbed vegetation in hilly areas of Shanxi and Hebei Provinces show that: Herbaceous pollen types are dominant in pollen assemblages( average 74. 5%),arboreal pollen percentages are lower than 20%. Cereals,Artemisia,and Chenopodiaceae are the major herbaceous pollen types in farmlands where human impacts are much stronger. While Artemisia,Chenopodiaceae and Poaceae are the major herbaceous pollen types in wastelands. Different human activity intensities lead to different indicator species and different pollen concentrations. Cereals, Vitaceae and Juglandaceae are the indicator pollen types of farmlands whose pollen concentrations are about 4380 grains / g,while Artemisia,Polygonaceae and Rosaceae are the indicator pollen types of wastelands whose pollen concentrations are about 10 983 grains / g. Different agricutural practices produce different pollen types with different pollen content of cereals. The pollen percentages of cereals are higher( 40. 2%) in single cereal areas than those in mix-planted areas( 18. 8%) and wastelands( 3. 8%). The pollen contents of cereals in different crops will give a reference to obtain the messages of human activities in lands as well as to distinguish the possible old cultivation methods.
【Fund】: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(批准号:XDA05120202);; 国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:41371215和41071132);; 河北省科技厅科技支撑重点项目(批准号:13277611D);; 河北省环境演变与生态建设重点实验室和河北省重点学科基金联合资助
【CateGory Index】: Q913.84
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