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Concept,approach and empirical analysis of multidimensional poverty measurement——A household analysis among 9 villages

LI Fei(College of Humanities and Development Studies,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China)  
The concept of poverty experienced the extension from unidimension to multidimension.The limitations of traditional unidimensional approach made it unable to understand the phenomenon of poverty,and multidimensional approach helped us to understand the essential characteristics of the poor,including the complexity,ambiguity and permeability.In this paper,taking the perspective of multidimensional,we briefly reviewed the concept and approach of multidimensional poverty measurement,and measured the household poverty of 9 villages in the dimension of income,education,health and social relations by the Alkire-Foster dual cut-off approach.The results showed that 3.3% of 9 village households were of poverty at least four dimensions,higher than China's national poverty rate of 2.8% in 2010,and the average poverty rate of farmers in the education,health,housing dimensions was higher,the multidimensional poverty of different villages was heterogeneous,Yunti village in Sichuan and Nanmei village in Yunnan had a higher incidence of multidimensional poverty,the average incidence of multidimensional poverty were more than 20%.Rural poverty reduction policies need to take into account education,health and housing,and make the development more inclusive.
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