Survey of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and their determinants among the urban residents
HE Qun, YANG Fang, LIN Peng, et al. Center for disease control and prevention of Guangdong province, Guangzhou, 510300. China
Objective To provide references for HIV/AIDS health education by carried out survey on the awareness of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and the determinants. Methods The study subjects were randomly interviewed with anonym uniform questionnaires by means of self-administration under the instruction of trained interviewers in downtown street in Guangzhou on December 1,2002. Results Two hundred questionnaires were distributed and 147 qualified questionnaires were collected. The results showed that the general awareness rate of HIV/AIDS knowledge was 63.3%; the awareness rate of HIV transmission route was 59.2%; the awareness rate of HIV prevention was 46.9% and the positive attitude to people living with HIV/AIDS was 49.7%. Multiple variable Logistic regression analysis showed the determinants of the awareness on HIV/AIDS knowledge were age, gender, education level, and marital status. In awareness rate, aged 30-39(OR=0.101, 95% CI: 0.015-0.678) and 40 or above(OR=0.060, 95% CI: 0.007-0.498) were lower than that of aged 15-20, female (OR=0.230, 95% CI: 0.099-0.532)were lower than that of the males, secondary school (OR=14.161, 95% CI: 2.195-91.364), high school (OR=23.455, 95% CI: 4.568-120.434) and college or above (OR=35.378, 95% CI: 6.001-208.571) were higher than that of those with only primary school education or below and married (OR=5.761, 95% CI: 1.589-20.893)were higher than that of the unmarried.Conclusion Currently HIV/AIDS knowledge of urban residents is relative low, hence HIV/AIDS education should be further strengthened, especially focusing on female population, unmarried population and poorly educated population.
【CateGory Index】： R193