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Characterization of Adsorption and Reduction of Noble Metal Ions by Bacteria

FU Jin-Kun;ZHNAG Wei-De;LIU Yue-Yingt;LIN Zhong-Yu;YAO Bing-Xint;WENG Sheng-Zhout;ZENG Jin-Long(State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Deparstment of Chemistry,Department of Biology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)  
The biomass D01 was screened from the soil of mining area and it was identified as Bacillus megatherium. It is able to adsorb and reduce the noble metal ions such as Pd2+,Au3+ and Ag+ etc. at room temperature. At pH 3. 5, the adsorbed ratio were 93. 2%,99. 5% and 98. 1%, respectively within 2 h. In situ TEM images showed that the Au, Ag particles adsorbed on the cell wall grew up gradually. Some of the Au particles formed polyhedron particles, while some ones broke off from the cell. The particle size can be controlled to be several nano-meters to more than a hundred nano-meters. XPS and XRD results indicated that Au3+, Ag+ and Pd2+ could be reduce to metals much faster than Rh3+ and Pt4+ by Dol. Peaks at 3 087 and 1 664 cm-1 in the IR spectra of D01 reduced gradually while interacting with metal ions, implying that metal ions were coordinated and reduced on the site of acylamide of D01. This is a promising method for preparation of metal catalysts with high dispersion and nano-meter sized metal particles.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!29876026;2974301;;固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室资助
【CateGory Index】: O643;O647
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