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《Chemical Research In Chinese Universities》 2003-01
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Studies on the Preparation of Alumina Supported on Carbon Nanotubes and Defluorination from Absorbed Water

WANG Shu-Guang 1 *, LI Yan-Hui 2, ZHAO Dan 1,3, ZHAO Hua-Zhang 1, XU Cai-Lu 2, LUAN Zhao-Kun 1, LIANG Ji 2, WU De-Hai 2 (1. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; 2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 3. Department of Chemistry of Science College, Northeast University, Shenyang 110004, China)  
A novel material for fluoride removal, alumina supported on carbon nanotubes (Al 2O 3/CNT), was prepared from carbon nanotubes and aluminium nitrate. X-ray diffraction(XRD) spectra demonstrate that alumina was amorphous at calcination temperature lower than 850 ℃ while it was α-Al 2O 3 at 1 050 ℃. Scanning electron microscope(SEM) images showed that the CNT and alumina were homogenously mixed. Furthermore, the fluoride adsorption behavior on the surface of Al 2O 3/CNT was investigated. The results indicated that Al 2O 3/CNT had a high adsorption capacity. The fluoride adsorption capacity of the Al 2O 3/CNT, which was prepared under the conditions of 450 ℃ calcination temperature and 30% Al 2O 3 supported, was 2.0~3.5 times that of γ-Al 2O 3 and almost equals to that of IRA-410 polymeric resin. The adsorption isotherms of fluoride on Al 2O 3/CNT fit the Freundlich equation well, and optimal pH ranging from 5.0 to 9.0.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学重点基金 (批准号 :5983830 0 );; 国家自然科学基金 (批准号 :5 0 1780 6 7)资助
【CateGory Index】: O647.3
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