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《Acta Polymerica Sinica》 2001-03
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SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ELASTOMERIC POLYURETHANE/CLAY NANOCOMPOSITES

MA Jisheng, QI Zongneng, ZHANG Shufan (State Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastic, Center for Molecular Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080)  
A novel elastomeric polyurethane/clay (PU/Clay) nanocomposite based on poly(propylene glycol), glycerol propoxylate and toluene diisocyanate were synthesized by intercalative polymerization technology.The results of X ray diffraction study showed that the gallery distance of the clay was enlarged from 1 9?nm to 4 5?nm or more.Introducing about 7 5?wt% clay in the composites resulted in more than two fold increase in the tensile strength and five fold increase in the elongation at break as compared to those of the pure PU.Additionally,the thermal stability of the PU/Clay nanocomposites was also studied by TGA analysis.The thermal stability of the nanocomposites was increased slightly in comparing with the pure PU.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点基金资助项目! (基金号 5 983 3 3 10
【CateGory Index】: TB383
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