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A Novel Family of Liquid Crystalline Biological Macromolecules——Chitin and Its Derivatives

Dong Yanming, Yuan Qing (Department of Materials Science,Xiamen University,Xiamen 361005)  
The fundamental structural conditions for the biological macromolecules,chitin and its derivatives to form liquid crystalline phase are discussed. Some chemical modification methods necessary for preparation of chitin derivatives bearing liquid crystalline behaviors are briefly summarized. The studies on the liquid crystalline behaviors of chitin derivatives (mainly of chitosan and its derivatives) ever since 1982 are reviewed. Fiber spinning from lyotropic liquid crystalline solutions of chitin and its derivatives and its prospects of application are introduced. And it is concluded that chitin and its derivatives have made up a novel family ofliquid crystalline biological macromolecules besides celluloses.
【Fund】: 中国科学院纤维素化学开放研究实验室资助
【CateGory Index】: O753.2
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