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《China Public Security(Academy Edition)》 2011-02
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Analysis on the Hazards of Fire Smoke and Countermeasures

HUANG Lengyu1 JIANG Shunyong2(1 Police Fire Brigade of Shishi City,Fujian Province,Shishi 362700,China 2 Police Fire Corps Training Base of Fujian Province,Fuzhou 350012,China)  
Smoke produced by material burning or pyrolysis in the fire are mixture of suspended solids,liquid particles and gas,in fact.Gas has considerable effects of toxic suffocation,shield light and heat convection.In this article,the author start from the analysis of physical and chemical characteristics of fire smoke,the dangers of fire smoke for trapped and rescue workers and the impact of the spread of fire.The author combine with fire theoretical knowledge such as building fire protection,fire fighting and rescue,evacuation escape.Authors propose solutions such as set on the smoke exhaust facilities in the building layout and structure,use non-combustible and flame retardant materials when select building decoration materials,learn proper precautions against smoke when escape self-help,fire-fighters improve capacity to respond to smoke.
【CateGory Index】: D631.6
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