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《Journal of Public Management》 2006-02
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The Demographic Consequences of Gender Discrimination——Simulation Analysis Based on Public Policies

Li Shuzhuo1, Jiang Quanbao2, Liu Huijun2(1.Institute for Population and Development Studies, School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an, 710049, China; 2.School of Management, Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an, 710049, China)  
The phenomenon of "missing girls" caused by gender discrimination has great influence on China's population development. This paper analyses the causes of China's gender discrimination in terms of system, culture, economy and policy, and then puts forwards some advice on policy system according to the measures taken by Chinese government to reduce gender discrimination. According to a demographic simulation model, this paper simulates the effect of public policies and quantitatively analyzes the impacts of gender discrimination at different levels on Chinese population development. The study shows that gender discrimination reduces the size of population and the number of laborers, accelerates the speed of aging and exacerbates the marriage squeeze. Based on the results of simulation, it points out some advice on policy-making and policy-implementing to mitigate son-preference and eliminate gender discrimination.
【Fund】: 教育部新世纪优秀人才资助计划资助项目(NECT-04-0931)
【CateGory Index】: C924.2
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