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Analyzing Psychological Contract of Civil Servants at Different Government Positions in China

Wei Lin,Jiao Yan,Zhao Dingtao,Liang Liang (School of Management,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei,230026,China)  
The main purposes of the paper are to ascertain the factors including psychological contracts of civil servants in government administration section,identify civil servants' attitude to the factors at different government positions and determine psychological contract structure model.Based on questionnaire survey and statistical analysis,this paper abstracts some expected requirements of Chinese civil servants and government.The psychological contract is bi-direction between government ant its civil servants,which consists of both ten government's requirements to civil servants and ten civil servants' requirements to government.Abstracted by principal component analysis,the psychological contract structure model includes eight aspects and the results show that there are great differences between psychological contracts of profit organization and nonprofit organization and there are some gaps on the importance of the expected requirements between government and its civil servants.Investigation also shows that professional spirit,faithfulness,occupational foreground and treatment equally are considered more importantly by Chinese civil servants at different positions in their psychological contracts.Besides,the innovation impetus is mainly from government leaders and by contrast general civil servants lack innovation impetus.Those results can supply new views for government to design a fair and transparent mechanism and to arrange encouragement policy of civil servants.Finally,this paper ends with some concluding remarks and forward issues.
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