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《Journal of Public Management》 2011-01
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The Effect of Gender Imbalance on Crime Rates

JIANG Quanbao, LI Bo (Institute for Population and Development Studies, School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China)  
The sex ration in China is undergoing imbalance with the effects of fertility concept and family planning policy, while the crime rate is increasing. Although the effect of China's gender imbalance on social stability has stirred up much controversy, most studies are still qualitative. In the context of gender imbalance and social stability, this paper designs an econometric panel regression model with random effect, using socioeconomic, demographic and crime data at provincial level in 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005, after analyzing the characteristics of forcibly single males and their effect on crime rates. The results show that the crime rate will increase by 3.03 percent as the sex ratio increases by 0.01, which indicates that China's gender imbalance increases the growth of crime rate and threatens social stability as well. The study not only validates the effect of gender imbalance on crime rates quantitatively, but also sheds light on new demographic perspectives of preventing and lowering crime rates.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目(09XSH005);国家社会科学基金重大项目(08&ZD048)
【CateGory Index】: D917
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