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《Journal of Public Management》 2011-02
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Research on the Governance Mode and Operation Efficiency of Urban Bus Service——A Case Study of Yangtze Delta Region

WANG Huanming,ZHU Dajian (School of Economics and Management,Tongji University,Shanghai,210804,China)  
The evaluation of the operation efficiency of bus service is the basis for government to choose its governance mode,and the relationship between operation efficiency and its influencing factors helps government do the advanced research on governance mode.Based on the comparison between authority initiative and market initiative modes and the analysis of their influencing factors,this paper takes the bus service in Yangtze Delta Region as an example and then uses DEA method to evaluate its service efficiency.It finds out that the efficiency of market initiative mode is higher than that of authority initiative mode,but the means of efficiencies of both two modes are low.In order to analyze the reasons,this paper constructs Tobit regression with some influencing factors,and the results show that improving market competition and increasing enterprise scale could perfect operation efficiency.Moreover,there is an "inverted U" relationship between competition and efficiency.Therefore,the reform of public bus transportation in urban areas needs to be market-oriented and to construct a state-owned private-running mode,ensuring market competition environment and scale economy to improve the operation efficiency of public bus transportation.
【Fund】: 教育部哲学社会科学重大攻关课题(05JZD00018);; 上海市哲学社会科学规划课题(2010BCK002)
【CateGory Index】: F572
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