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《Journal of Public Management》 2011-02
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The Impact of Labor Migration on Healthy Well-being of Elderly Left Behind in Rural China:Studies Based on Surveys in Inflow and Outflow Places

ZUO Dongmei1,2,LI Shuzuo1 (1.School of Public Policy and Administration,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an,710049,China;2.School of Management,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an,710049,China)  
The mass outflow of rural labor has not only accelerated the aging process in rural China but also has had far-reaching implications for the household-dominated care of the elderly in China.The present paper,based on the longitudinal data from a three-stage sample survey: "The wellbeing of the rural elderly in Anhui Province" conducted in Chaohu,and the data from a sample survey: "Rural-urban migrants in Shenzhen" conducted in Guangdong Province,studies the effects of the outflow of rural labor on the living conditions of the elderly in rural China.The study focuses on both the inflow and outflow regions of the rural population and emphasizes a gender perspective.It is found that the current elder care in rural China features the coexistence of tradition and change including the following.The outflow of the younger generation has brought dual effects on the well-being of the elderly remaining in rural areas.By working away from home,migrant children are able to provide their parents with better economic support but less care and emotional support.This also places additional burdens on their parents in terms of childcare and agricultural fieldwork,thus affecting their health and well-being.With the migrant children working in the cities,the traditional filial culture is ebbing while the daughters' ability to support their parents increases.The large-scale migration of rural population under long-term low fertility has altered the traditional mode of household elder care that relies on support from male children.The paper makes some suggestions for improving the well-being of rural elders in the face of continued rural-urban migration.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金青年项目(70803039);; 教育部“长江学者和创新团队发展计划”项目(IRT0855)
【CateGory Index】: F323.6;F321.1
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