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《Journal of Public Management》 2012-03
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Old-age Support of Rural Chinese and Policy Implications in the Context of Gender Imbalance

Jin Xiaoyi1,Guo Qiuju2,Liu Wei1(1.School of Policy and Administration,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an,710049,China;2.School of Management,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an,710049,China)  
This paper analyzes the rural resident's attitudes toward old-age support,intergenerational support and impacts of male marriage squeeze on parents' welfare from perspectives of gender,birth cohort,migration and regional differences in the context of gender imbalance.A quantitative analysis research with the chi-square test is the main method,using sampling data of three surveys focusing on rural residents.The results show that male marriage squeeze has significant effects on rural old-age support: involuntary bachelors become the main group who plan to rely on governmental old-age relief,therefor,intergenerational support is poorer between involuntary bachelors and their parents and life satisfaction is lower for involuntary bachelors' parents.Because of the continued gender imbalance,the population structure,social economy,policy,rural resident's beliefs and behavior in old age support will change in the next decade or two.So it is worthy of continuing to focus on the old-age support problem of elder unmarried men and their parents.This study contributes to understanding socio-demographic consequences caused by gender imbalance and provids evidence for comprehensive governance for gender imbalance,which is also helpful to solve the old unmarried men and their parents' supporting crisis.Based on the realistic background of gender imbalance in contemporary China,this paper analyzes the old age support in rural China by multi-perspective,especially the marital status and gender perspective,which will help clarify the effects of male marriage squeeze on old age support and contribute to control the old-age supporting crisis earlier.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金资助项目(09BRK009);; 霍英东教育基金会资助项目(121093)
【CateGory Index】: C924.24
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