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The Study of Soil Moisture Preservation by Straw Coverage of Yuan Zhuang Wheat Paddock

Wang Yukun Zhao Yong (Hebei Institute of Hydrolechnics)  
Using straw to cover wheat paddock is an effective measure to reduce uneffective evspcration from interplant, raise utiliaation ratio of water resources. The experiment result in Yuanzhang for successive 3 years shows that wheat paddock covered by 3.75~4.5t/ha of wheat-straw cr corn-stalk in prewintercan result in ideal effect of water saving and yield increasejin addition, the mere drought the weather cr the drier the soil is, the mere remarkable the yield increase will be. If the yield is the same, when covered the paddock can reduce 34.5-37.9% cf interplant evaporation, that is equal to one time watering, the irrigation water saving will be 750 m3/ha. In this article, the research achievement of experiment result has been analysed, the yield increase mechanism from soil moisture preservation and water consumption reducing by paddock covered studied, the raising of water utilization coefficient coming from wheat paddock covered in ihe experiment district calculated,, and the mainpoints of coverage technique introduced briefly. In neral, ihe new water-saving technique is valuable for popularizing in wheat planting area of arid region during dry season.
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