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《Journal of Irrigation and Drainage》 2004-05
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Analysis of Soil Water and Physiology and Yield Reaction to Relay Intercropping of Wheat Sowed on Ridges and Cotton Planted in Furrows in East-henan Plain

WANG He-zhou, CHEN Jin-ping,  MENG Zhao-jiang (Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xinxiang 453003, China)  
The study of relay intercropping of wheat sowed on ridges (WSR) and cotton planted in furrows (CPF) was conducted from 2000 to 2002 year, in order to seek cultivation mode of higher water use efficiency. The result showed that the soil water (SW) change anniversary adapted to the need of wheat and cotton, improved the distribution of SW in the field. ① Under the condition of the transpiration rate changed slightly, the photosynthesis rate, chlorophyll content and the root system vigor of WSR were obviously higher than conventional flat sowed pattern. The WSR benefited the accumulation and the distribution of photosynthesis offspring to the product organs in the grain-filling stage, raised the contribution rate of different position leaves to outcome, and final came up to significant increase of ear length and grain number. The yield and water use efficiency increased 7.3% and 10.4% respectively. ② The cotton planted in furrows grew vigorously in earlier stage, the side root system capacity was clear to be raised, fruit-bearing shoot number and bell weight of per plant increased significantly. The further analysis of comprehensive benefit of relay intercropping of WSR and CPF cultivation mode was made in this text.
【Fund】: 国家"十五"重大科技攻关课题(2001BA508B02);; 国家自然科学基金课题(50379054)
【CateGory Index】: S344
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