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《Chinese Journal of Public Health Management》 2008-03
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艾滋病低发省青年学生艾滋病知识和态度影响因素研究

Objective To assess the factors associated with the AIDS knowledge and attitude of students for providing tailored HIV/AIDS related health education for the students and improve effectiveness of HIV/AIDS prevention in China.Method Multi-stage cluster sampling method was used for selecting the students from seven HIV low-prevalence provinces in China.Structured questionnaire-based interviews were conducted by strained staff to collect the students' AIDS knowledge and attitude.Q-type clustering analysis and Cumulative Logistic Regression were used for the data analysis.Results Total of 7 992 students aged from 15 to 38 year-old were interviewed in this study.Average age of the interviewed students was 19.1(SD:±2.0) year-old;the ratio of male to female was 0.8 to 1;the vast majority of the participants were single(99.4%);had lived in their registered residence 2 years(75.9%);Han ethnic group(88.1%);62.1% were high school students,while others were college or higher-level students.All students were clustered into 3 groups,in which the level of AIDS knowledge and attitude were ranked higher,middle and lower respectively.Group Ⅰ included 6 577 students;group Ⅱ included 1 033 students;and groups Ⅲ included 382 students.The result of Cumulative Logistic Regression analysis indicated that residency area,migration status,and lower level of grade were independently associated with poorer level of AIDS knowledge and attitude.Conclusion The study found that the student who were in higher educational level had higher level of AIDS knowledge and attitude;migrant students had lower level of AIDS knowledge and attitude;students in some provinces had lower knowledge and attitude;factors of AIDS knowledge and attitude changed in different provinces.In order to achieve satisfied effectiveness through efficient project implementation,the HIV/AIDS related health education projects for students should based on actual situation in different areas and select different important target populations.
【CateGory Index】: R193
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