Theoretical Research on Relationship between Regulation of Resources and Environment and Industrial Competitiveness
JIN Bei (Institute of Industrial Economics CASS, Beijing 100836)
The reason why the material on the earth is distinguished into "resource" and "waste" is depended on the level of industrial technology and industrial-scale needs. If there was no industrial technology,most of the material on the earth couldn't be called "resource"; but as long as the industrial technology gets to a certain level, everything on the earth and even in the space could become "resource". Finishing the industrialization history firmly and efficiently is the only viable option to extricate human from the resource predicament. Nowadays,it is the hard time for the industrial development of China which is in the serious situation of resource and environment. The fact that industrial activities are becoming cleaner does not mean that the industrial production has reached a satisfactory level in the aspects of resource conservation and environmental protection. On the contrary, still being in the middle of industrialization process, China must continue developing heavy industrialization with the costs of large-scale depletion of natural resources. The industrial production of China is still facing the serious problem of resources waste and environment pollution. Therefore, strengthening the government regulation on resources and environment and impreving the regulation effectiveness is still an extremely important and heavy question in the present industrialization process of China. There are two fundamental targets for implementing government regulation of resource and environment. The first target is to realize the feasible objective of resource conservation and environmental protection; the other one is to maintain an effective and fair competition order. An effective and feasible way to regulate resources and environment should not only ensure the realization of policy goals on resource conservation and environmental protection, but also. contribute to enhance the long-term competitiveness of industries and enterprises, especially help to strengthen the international competitiveness of China's industry under the rules of fair competition. Moderate and rational regulation intensity should not only be an effective constraint to the enterprises, but also not exceed the maximum capacity which is determined by the competitiveness situation of industries and enterprises, especially help to reach the reasonable balance between criteria of economic efficiency and social benefits.
【CateGory Index】： X22
【CateGory Index】： X22