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《China Industrial Economics》 2012-03
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Environmental Efficiency,Industrial Heterogeneity and Intensity of Optimal Regulation——Nonlinear Test Based on Industrial Panel-data

SHEN Neng(School of Business of Soochow University,Suzhou 215021,China)  
The dual constraint of economic growth and pollution reduction inevitably has led reduction-oriented environmental policy into a dilemma.Under the different disposal assumptions of pollutants,the paper evaluates the industrial environmental efficiency considering the environmental pollution in China,then tests the non-linear relationship between the environmental regulation and efficiency and determines the optimal intensity regulation from the point of industry heterogeneity.The result shows that when considering a non-desired outputs impact,industrial environment efficiency of China declines significantly,the efficiency of pollution-intensive industries is significantly lower than the clean-production industries.Environmental regulation is related to industrial environment positively which verifies the "Porter hypothesis" to a certain extent.The current promoting role in clean-production industry is more significant compared with pollution-intensive industries.The intensity of environmental regulation between environmental efficiency appears an inverted "U" type relationship with significant triple threshold characteristics.The policy implication is obvious: the environmental efficiency should be incorporated into environmental policy.Government should put forward different intensity of environmental regulation based on the reality of industry characteristics,and focus on rolling revision adjusted to the optimal level.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金青年项目“基于群落生态学的高校科技创新系统演化机理、识别与调控研究”(批准号71003023);; 教育部人文社会科学项目“环境压力及结构调整双重约束下能源替代策略研究”(批准号10YJC790062)
【CateGory Index】: F424;X322;F224
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