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《ARID LAND GEOGRAPHY》 1998-02
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THE CONCEPTION OF THE ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL WATER DEMAND AND ITS CLASSIFICATION IN ARID LAND──taking Xinjiang as an example

Jia Baoquan; Xu Yingqin(Xinjiang Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Science, Urnmqi , 830011, China)  
Oasis is the major area of human activity in arid land, Since 1949, the oasis exploita-tions have gained many achivements in China, but its environmental problems originatedfrom that more attention has been paid to the economic benefit of oasis water resource uti-lization rather than the eco-environmental benefit of it. Based on this, the paper discussedthe conception of eco-environmental water demand. The eco-environmental water demandis defined that the water consumed by the system which can support the oasis living anddevelopment as well as maintain and improve the oasis environment quality. Because theoasis development depends on its inside and outside environment system, the eco-environ-mental water demand can be classified according to this characteristics. Taking theXingjiang as an example, it is classified into 7 kinds. They are artificial oasis, Tugayi,river valley forest,river and lake , meadow on the flat land, cities and desert vegetation. Inthe artificial oasis, the garden forest, wood forest and fuel forest not only have the eco-nomic value but also have the protective value to the oasis. In order to depict this feature,its water consume is named as flexible eco-environmental water demand which mean that itcan improve the oasis environmental quality, but if without it, the oasis can also develophealthifully, and that of the shelt forest system is named as rigid eco-environmental waterdemand which is essential condition for oasis environment.
【Fund】: 国家“九五”攻关项目!“西北地区水资源合理开发利用与生态环境保护”中“新疆经济发展与水资源合理配置及承载能力研究”
【CateGory Index】: TV213
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