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《Arid Land Geography》 2001-04
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APPLICATION AND DISCUSSION OF ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT IN ARID AREAS OF CHINA: A CASE STUDY IN XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION

CHEN Dong jing XU Zhong min (State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou, 730000 ,China)  
Sustainable development is a hot issue in contemporary period. It is an important issue, and needs to be studied further. Since the concept of sustainable development is put forward, many kinds of index systems, which measure the level of regional development, have been provided. But they have some flaws. In the late 1990s, ecological footprint theory, used to deal with a certain area's development conditions, was provided. It measures the development level from a new aspect, comes from the knowledge that people's consumption can be transferred into biological productive land which produces all the resources and assimilates all the wastes generated by human. This paper introduces the theory of ecological footprint. By taking Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region as a case study, its development situation in 1999 is assessed by using ecological footprint theory. The results show that the per capicta deficit of ecological footprint in Xinjiang was 0.8863 hm\+2 in 1999, and the development at present is disadvantageous for achieving sustainable development. At last, brief comment about the theory of ecological footprint is put forward.
【Fund】: 黑河流域水—生态—经济系统综合管理实验示范项目 (编号为KZCX1-0 9-0 4)资助
【CateGory Index】: X171;X22
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