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《Arid Land Geography》 2004-01
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Analysis on Factors of Xinjiang Grain Increase Production in Recent 50 Years with Principal Components Method

TAO Jiang, YANG De-Gang (Xinjiang Institute Of Ecology And Geography, Chinese Academy Of Science, Urumqi 830011,China)  
The influence factors on the grain yield of Xinjiang in recent 50 years have been analyzed with principal components method. The results indicated that grain yield has different characteristics in different phases: (1)the area increasing is the primary factor on the grain yield in 1949~1967; (2)the stableness of area and water conservancy promote the grain yield in 1968~1974; (3)the per unit area yield and chemical fertilizer push the grain yield in 1975~1995; (4)the agriculture machinery and water conservancy are the major factors in 1996~2001. After analyzing the characteristics, it be concluded that the key of promoting grain yield is the match of all factors. Based on the above analysis, this paper puts forward the trend of Xinjiang grain yield as following: enhancing per unit yield , spreading water-saving agriculture, developing the refine process of grain and speeding market course.
【Fund】: 中科院创新项目 (KZCX -0 8-0 1-0 2 );; 国家科技攻关项目 ( 2 0 0 1BA5 0 8B2 4)
【CateGory Index】: F326.1
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