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《Arid Land Geography》 2005-04
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Influences of drought on agriculture and disaster-chain effect during the second half of the 20~(th) century in Xinjiang

JIANG Feng-qing, LI Zhen, HU Ru-ji Xinjiang Institute of Ecology & Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China  
Effects of drought were assessed using historical data on the damaged cropland areas, the affected population and the reduced grain production, and the other disasters, such as the sandstorm and floating dust days and the diseases and pests associating with the drought during the second half of the 20th century in an arid province, Xinjiang, China. The 52-year average annual damaged area was 109.25×103hm2 with a 1-year maximum of 312.0×103hm2 in 2000 and a minimum of 2.01×103hm2 in 1950. The 48-year average annual affected people and reduced grain output amounted to 285.63×103 persons and 174.85×103 ton, respectively. The temporal behaviors of these effects were also assessed. There was a general increase trend in drought damaged cropland area in Xinjiang from 1950-2001, thought there was temporary decrease times, i.e. the early-1970s and the early 1990s. Trends were upward for drought disasters during 1950-1991 including affected population amount, and reduced grain output. There were two higher disaster periods: 1960s, and 1980s-the early 1990s. In addition, other drought-related disasters, such as floating dust and sandstorm, and burst of grasshopper were associated with the drought disaster. The main revelations revealed by this assessment lie in the following aspects: firstly, increase in drought and drought-related events may imply that there was increase trend in weather and climatic event; and secondly, though recent increases in precipitation and surface runoff have contributed much to the positive effects on decrease in drought, sandstorm and their disasters, but the drought disaster, sandstorm and outbreak of grasshopper have increased owing to uneven distribution of the precipitation and the surface runoff, and the expansion of cropland to drought-prone areas.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重大项目(No.KZCX1-10-08) 中国科学院新疆生态与地理所知识创新工程所长基金资助
【CateGory Index】: S423;
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