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《Arid Land Geography》 2007-05
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Wavelet analysis on annual mean temperature and rainfall change of Qaidam Basin during last 50 years

LI Yuan-ping1,YANG Tai-bao2(1 Department of Urban Construction and Environment Science,West Anhui University,Liu'an 237012,Anhui,China;2 College of Resource and Environment,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,Gansu,China)  
The yearly average air temperature and annual precipitation data of Qaidam basin from the 1954 to 2003 were analyzed by wavelet transforms using the Mexican Hat Function.The research revealed the multi-time scale complex structure of climatic change and analyzed the periodic changes and jump features of annual mean temperature and annual precipitation series in different time scales.The results show that(1)wavelet analysis affords an effective method to analyze and process the annual mean temperature and annual precipitation data;(2) there is obvious change tendency in the annual mean temperature temporal series,but none in the annual precipitation temporal series at the confident level of 97.5 percent;(3) the strongest period-oscillation of mean temperature and precipitation variations is the 12-year and 9-year respectively;(4)in different time scales,the annual air temperature and annual rainfall change display different corresponding alternate change such as cold and hot,dry and wet etc,and the time scale is shorter,the phase difference is slighter;(5) according to the comprehensive effect of main periods and status quo,the temperature and rainfall change tendency were forecasted in future several years.(6) wavelet analysis could reveal particular structure characteristics of different time scales in time field of climatic factors provide some scientific evidence for the climatic change tendency forecast.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金委创新群体计划支持项目(No.40421001)资助
【CateGory Index】: P468.0
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