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《Arid Land Geography》 2008-02
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Strategic thinking on foundation of Urumqi International Airport Economic Zone

CHEN Xue-gang1,2,YANG Zhao-ping1(1 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,Xinjiang,China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
Recently,with the development of the international trade,the human resources,the capital and goods flow rapidly among different countries all over the world.Moreover,with the upgrade of main economic zones' industrial structure in China,new industrial structure,including the modern service industry,the high-tech industry,the information industry and the modern manufacturing and processing industry,gradually forms in the center cities.Under such circumstances,airport transportation begins to play a swift and quick role in the modern society.Traditionally speaking,the airport was considered as the node of the aerial transport.But with the expansion of the airport scale,the substantial increase of the passengers and freight transportation amount and the global expansion of the airlines,the airport has exerted certain influence on the utilization pattern of the peripheral local land.This kind of influence will cause a revolution in the economic and industrial structure of the airport peripheral locality land.Finally,it will gradually form an airport economic zone,which could promote the regional economy development.The Urumqi International Airport is the 5th gateway airport,which is only inferior to Beijing,Shanghai,Guangzhou and Shenzhen Airport.However,it has been utilized as a node of the aerial transport for a long time.Its function is unitary,the promotion to local economy is weak and the peripheral economy has not got full-grown development.Therefore,this paper firstly gives a general overview of the airport economic zone concept and its background information.Then,it summarizes the domestic and foreign big airports' airport economic zone development experience.In addition,it proposes the conception of establishing the Urumqi International Airport Economic Zone based on the current situation of the Urumqi airport and the economy of its hinterland and discusses the industrial development direction and the layout of the airport economic zone.On the one hand,it is expected that the airport economy could become the growth pole of the local economy development of Urumqi.On the other hand,it also can provide the model for the overall plan and coordinated development of the airport economic zone of the other areas.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重要方向项目“中亚区域经济合作与资源生态安全战略研究”(KZCS-SW-355)资助
【CateGory Index】: F562
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