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《Arid Land Geography》 2009-05
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Identify characteristic on crisis of water circulation in internal region—A case study of Heihe River Basin of the Northwest China

ZHANG Guang-hui,LIU Zhong-pei,LIAN Ying-li,YAN Ming-jiang,NIE Zhen-long (Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,Shijiazhuang,050061,Hebei,China)  
On base of a great deal data from the investigation,it is expounded with studies of the integrative correlation that the natural characteristic of water circulation is lost in Heihe River Basin since 1980,which coefficient of deviation from mean is less than zero and is prick up in situation.The surface runoff changes the man - made state that is departure from nature state,annual the may is most severity in departure.Not only the runoff in the lower reaches is largely decreased,but also the recharge and the motion of the groundwater in the middle reaches loses the natural characteristic and the overflow of groundwater decreases continuously therefore the ecological environment of the lower reaches was retrogressed due to above variation.The debilities are closely correlation with the increase of infield area and consume water quantity in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin.The human influence rate since 1980 is up to 54%from 19%in 1950s,which is far greater than nature bearing capacity.The natural characteristic of surface runoff changes the man - made state after the human influence rate is greater than 37%in the middle reaches of the Heihe river basin,the Northwest internal region.Not only the runoff in the lower reaches is largely decreased,but also the recharge and the motion of the groundwater in the middle reaches loses the natural characteristic and the overflow of groundwater decreases continuously the ecological environment of the lower reaches was retrogressed due to above variation.The climatic and human activity impacts importantly on groundwater recharge variation in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin of the Northwest internal region,the influence intensity of the human activity to groundwater recharge is 85%in middle reaches,which happen mainly in the stage of spring irrigation.Therefore,the key hand to realize groundwater resources sustainable utilization and the ecological environment protection in lower reaches is to adjust to human activity in rules that is in conformity with the principle of water cycle in Heihe River Basin so that the influence intensity is less than 37%and optimizing the relationship among built water conservancy projects and agriculture development in the middle reaches of Heihe river basin and guaranteeing the ecological environment of the lower reaches uninterrupted improve.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础性研究项目(2006CB403401);; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAD69B02);; 国家自然科学基金项目(编号:40472126)资助
【CateGory Index】: P333
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