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《Arid Land Geography》 2009-05
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Dynamic characteristic and forecast of spring water in the middle reaches of Heihe River trunk stream area in Gansu Province

DING Hong-wei~(1,2),XU Da-lu~1,ZHAO Yu-ping~2,YANG Jian-jun~1 (1 Institute of Hydro-geological and Engineering Geology,Gansu Province Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploitation and Development, Zhangye 734000,Gansu,China;2 Geology Engineering Institute of Gansu Province,Zhangye 734000,Gansu,China)  
On the base of hydro -geological conditions describing and summarizing,with the help of 1986 -2007 observed dada on spring water current capacity,this paper was presented to elaborate annual and inter - annual dynamic change characteristics of descending springs and ascending springs in this region in detail,the contrastive analysis method was used to describe the temporal - spatial distribution regularities and change features of 1967, 1984 and 2006's spring water volume and their total volume of each spring area Using the existing two - dimension 's mathematical model for groundwater flow,a mathematical model was researched and put forward,which could be used to forecast the spring flow volume according to spring periphery node flood peak(water level),and to carry out the forecast of changing tendency of next 15 -year's spring total volume.The result indicated that under the condition of saving water irrigation at the present,the spring water resources will be at the steady state basically,because of the amount increasing in the stream flow from the mountains and the decreasing in groundwater exploitation.
【Fund】: 甘肃省地质矿产勘查开发局基金项目(编号:2007SHJ-07)资助
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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