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《Arid Land Geography》 2011-02
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Research progress on man-earth areal system in river basin

ZHANG Jie1,LI Tong-sheng2,ZHOU Du-hui2(1 School of Civil and Architecture Engineering,Xi'an Technological University,Xi'an 710032,Shaanxi,China;2 Department of Urban and Resource Science,Northwest University,Xi'an 710127,Shaanxi,China)  
With various resources developed by human-beings in river basin and the conflict between human and land became increased,it is important to study on man-earth areal system in river basin.This paper reviewed the domestic and international research progress on the theories,ideas,methods and practices of the research of man-earth areal system in river basin.The author pointed out the weak side of this research field at present,and prospected the main research directions in the future.These studies showed that it is general for international scholars to pay close attention to the research of planning and management of basin development.The main contents involve the origin,type,management objective,problems of planning and management of river basin development,and which also caused Chinese scholars to concern watershed management.International scholars and domestic scholars also studied on the process simulation and scene analysis on the interaction of man-earth areal system in river basin,including historical analysis and dynamic monitoring,situational analysis of man-earth areal system in river basin.Meanwhile,the research on mechanism between human and land of man-earth areal system in river basin was developed,including basic theory of man-earth areal system in river basin,difference in different types of man-earth interaction in river basin.The quantitative analytical methods,such as principal component analysis,gray relational analysis,coordination model,comprehensive evaluation index model,system dynamics model,were generally adopted to appraise man-land relationship areal system in river basin,.Geographic information system and decision support system have also been applied in the research on man-earth areal system in river basin.Although a series of theories related to the research on the man-earth areal system in river basin have emerged recently,there are a lot of weak points which should attract our attention.For example,theoretical studies and approach applications are still insufficient,and the research system is still not formed.Current research is generally lack of the comprehensive study of the structure evolution,the studies on the coupling mechanism and model of the factors between nature and human,summarized principle researches,quantitative analysis,dynamic analysis and the process of simulation and prediction in different scenarios of man-earth relationship in river basin.The future research on man-earth areal system in river basin should strengthen the multi-disciplinary integration,the mechanism of interaction of man and earth in river basin,the enrichment of research approaches and the application of new technical method and the dynamic simulation.
【Fund】: 教育部博士点基金资助项目(20060697004);; 西安工业大学校长基金项目(XAGDXJJ1020)
【CateGory Index】: K901
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