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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 1988-04
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GERMPLASM RESOURCES OF FRUIT TREES IN NORTHWESTERN CHINA

Sun Yunwei;Li Jiarui;Xie Jianguo(DePartment of Horticulural Science,Northwestern Agricultural University.Yangling,Shaanxi,)  
Northwestern China is one of the biggest fruit tree original cen-ters in the world,and also the largest deciduous fruit tree productionbase in China.Germplasm resources of fruit trees here are plentiful.There are the world famous fine local cultivars and rare cultivarsin the world as well as large number of wild fruit trees.Amongthem,some wild species are highly resistant to cold,drought,wind,insect pests and diseases,salinity and alkalinty.Some of them couldbe used as dwarfing stocks,in addition,there are wild species con-taining special nutrients and having special pharceutieal effects.Theymay be used as the valuble germplasms to breed fine fruit cultivars.According to the preliminary statistics,there are more 50 cultivatedor semi-cultivated species in Northwestern China,and about over180 species of wild fruit trees,of which more than 40 species may beused as rootstocks.This paper introduces these germplasm resourceswhich can be used as the reference for the development,utilizationand scientific research.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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