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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 1993-S1
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Rational Application of Fertilizers on Drylands Ⅶ. The Correlation between Initial Nitrate in Dryland Soil and Maize Response to N Fertilizer

Li shengxiu;Gao Yajun;Hu Tiantian;Du Jianjun;Ju Xiaotang;Wang Xiqing Northwestern Agricultural University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100  
Field trials were conducted on 6 dryland fields with different soil fertilities in Chengchengcounty, using maize as indicating plant. The results obtained show that there was no closecorrelation between NH_4~+-N in the top soil and N uptake by plants. Although NO_3~- -N was wellcorrelated with plant uptake N, the correlation coefficient was not high enough as an index inreflecting soil nitrogen - supplying capacity. The differences of the relationships of nitrogenuptake with soil NO_3~- -N between pot experiment and field experiment were mainly caused bythat the NO_3~- -N in fleld might be leached away, and therefore its contents could not reflect itsreal level, while the NO_3~- -N in pot was still kept with no loss by leaching. Analysis of NO_3~- -N and NH_4~+ -N from 0 to 100 cm depth has shown that 0 to 100 cm NH_4~+ -N had still no goodcorrelation with plant uptake N, but the NO_3~- -N was well correlated with the N uptake byplants, being a good index in reflecting soil N-supplying capacities.
【Fund】: 陕西省农牧厅资助项目
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