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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 1993-S1
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Ammonium Nitrification and Fixation by Clay Minerals in Calcareous Soil

Li Shiqing; Bu Tongying;Li Shengxiu Northwestern Agricultural University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100  
Agric horizon and argillitic horizon (with 1/4 agric horizon in it) were used as two soils forincubation experiments at 30℃ withot and with N,K, and NK applications. During the periodsof incubation, NH_4~+ - N,NO_3~- - N and non - exchangeable ammonium were determined atcertain intervals in orderto study the relatioships between ammonium nitrification and fixation byclay ninerals. The results show that NO_3~- - N formed by nitrification was increased byexponential curves, while NH_4~+ -N decreased by power function curves or opposite S curves andfinally reached stable levels. The nitrification in agric horizon was strong, and ammoniumfixation by soil wasless as compared with argillitic horizon. Application of N fertilizers couldsignificantly increase the contents of NO_3~- - N, NH_4~+ - N and nonexchangeable ammonium.Agric horizon could easily fix ammonium and release the fixed, while argillitic horizon could noteasily release the ammonium after fixation. There was no obvious effects on reducing NH_4~+ -Nfixation in argillitic horizonby applying K.
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