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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2004-03
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Effect of seawater irrigation on Helianthus tuberosus L.in Laizhou Gulf

XIA Tian-xiang~1, LIU Zhao-pu~1, QI Chang-hai~2, CHEN Ming-da~1(1.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 2.863 Experimental Base of Nanjing Agricultural University, Laizhou, Shandong 261400, China)  
The field experiments were carried out in Laizhou, Shandong province in 2002 to study the effect of seawater irrigation on Helianthus tuberosus L.. The results were as below: (1)Na~+ and Cl~- leached in the 0~60 cm soil layers; (2)The stems of Helianthus tuberosus L. had the ability of containing high contents of Na~+ and Cl~-, and the whole plants absorbed selectively K~+ in high proportions of seawater irrigation; (3)The shoot and tuber yields of Helianthus tuberosus L. didn’t decrease clearly when the seawater proportion was less than 30%, and they decreased by 37% and 32% at the 50% seawater irrigation in contrast to freshwater-irrigation; (4)The inulin contents in tubers of Helianthus tuberosus L. were not affected by seawater irrigation, being in the range of 40%~65%.
【Fund】: 国家863计划(2002AA2Z4061)
【CateGory Index】: P74
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