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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2004-04
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Accumulation of soil nitrate nitrogen in the process of ecological and its effcts in plant nitrogen nutrition in semiarid areas

ZHAO Lin~1, LI Shi-qing~(1,2), LI Sheng-xiu~1, ZHANG Xing-chang~2, LU Li-hong~(1,2), SHAO Ming-an~2(1.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Northwest Science and Technsion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science and Ministry of Water Resources; Yangling Shaanxi, 712100, China)  
Of applied N fertilizer and mineralized organic N in calcareous soil in the agro-ecosystem of semi-arid areas, apart from plant uptake, microbial-fixed, clay mineral-fixed, volatilization loss and denitrification loss, significant amount of these N remains in the soil as NO_3~--N. Residual NO_3~--N in soil profile moves to depth by convection and diffusion, leaving the root zone step by step. The main factors that affect the accumulation and leaching of NO_3~- includes: N input, plant take up, plant residual after pro-harvest, N fertilizer kinds, N fertilizer applying manner and rainfall et al. Residual NO_3~--N itself has high bioavailability. Whether it can be taken up or not depends on the depth of NO_3~--N and the distance to the root zone. During the heavy rainfall season in semiarid areas, NO_3~--N moves to depth easily; but in dry condition, even NO_3~--N in deep soil can move up with water to the root zone and be taken up. As a result, residual NO_3~--N accumulated in soil profile impacts N fertilizer use efficiency remarkably. In many regions, residual NO_3~--N at certain depth is used as the index of N supplied N to soil to reduce the NO_3~--N leaching and improve N fertilizer use efficiency. According to past researches of NO_3~--N in soil profile in semiarid areas, three aspects are concerned: first, accumulation of residual NO_3~--N in soil profile and the factors that affects it; second, residual NO_3~--N that coincides with root depth contributes to N fertilizer use efficiency; third, the determination of rational N input according to residual NO_3~--N in soil profile. On the basis of the analysis above, a few scientific problems that should be solved in future research are emphasized.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30230230;40371076;40171063);; 2002年度教育部全国优秀青年教师资助项目(20022096);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G2000018605);; 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室基金项目(10501-104)
【CateGory Index】: S154
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