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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2009-03
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Effects of different covering materials on tilth soil temperature and maize emergence

LI Rong,ZHANG Rui,JIA Zhi-kuan(Research Center of Agriculture in the Arid and Semiarid Areas,Northwest A & F University,Laboratory of Crop Production and Ecology,Minister of Agriculture,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China)  
Effects of common plastic film,biodegradable film,liquid film and straw mulching on tilth soil temperature and maize emergence were observed under planting pattern of ridge and ditch.Two-year results showed that common plastic film and biodegradable film mulching could improve significantly the soil temperature.The average temperature in 5~25 cm tilth soil under common plastic film and biodegradable film mulching were 2.51℃~3.77℃ and 1.30℃~2.19℃,respectively, which is higher than that of the uncovered ground.The difference between the liquid mulching and control is very little with the warming value of 0.13℃~0.56℃.Straw mulching could reduce soil temperature,and the tilth soil temperature were 1.25℃~2.19℃ which is lower than that of the control.Maize emergence were promoted 2 d and 1 d earlier under common plastic film and biodegradable film mulching,respectively,but was delayed 1d under straw mulching,and showed no difference under liquid film mulching as compared with the control.
【Fund】: “十一五”国家科技支撑课题“农田集雨保水关键技术研究”(2006BAD29B03)
【CateGory Index】: S513
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