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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2009-05
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Effects of P fertilizer application on yield of spring wheat and characteristics of N absorption and NO_3~--N accumulation in soil profile

ZHANG Ai-ping1,LIU Ru-liang2,LI You-hong2,YANG Shi-qi1,YANG Shu-jing1,YANG Zheng-li1(1.Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture,CAAS,Beijing 100081,China; 2.Institute of Agricultural Resource and Environment,Academy of Ningxia Agroforestry Sciences,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750002,China)  
A field experiment was carried out to study the effects of P fertilizer on yield of spring wheat,N fertilizer absorption characteristics and NO3--N accumulation in Yellow River irrigation area of Ningxia.The result showed that P fertilizer application increased significantly grain yield and straw yield.The yield of treatment P120 was higher than that of other treatments,which was 6215 kg/hm2.The amount of N accumulation of spring wheat increased during the period from jointing to filling,but decreased by 7.7%~13.4% at ripening.Application of P fertilizer can decrease greatly soil NO3--N content in 0~90 cm soil layer.Compared to P0 treatment,after wheat harvest NO3--N accumulation of P60,P120 and P180 treatment in 0~150 cm soil layer decreased by 50.6,58.5 and 62.9 kg/hm2,respectively.Considering high spring wheat yield,efficiency of P fertilizer and low NO3--N accumulation,the amount of fertilizer P should be controlled within 60~120 kg/hm2.
【Fund】: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项河流水环境综合整治技术研究与综合示范主题特殊河流项目(2008ZX07212-004)
【CateGory Index】: S512.12
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