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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2011-02
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Research on spatial change process of the cultivated farm land and dynamic evolution in Xinjiang during 1978~2008

ZHU Hui1,2,JIAO Guang-hui2,3,WANG Zhe2,ZHANG Xin-huan1(1.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830011,China; 2.School of Geographic and Tourism,Xinjiang Normal University,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830054,China;3.Development and Reform Committee of Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830000,China)  
Based on factor analysis and GIS techniques,this paper,using the cultivated farm land and population-economy data from 1978~2008,analyzed characters and dynamic evolution of the cultivated farm land in Xinjiang in both temporal and spatial aspects.Here are some conclusions:① The areas of cultivated farm land has showed fluctuation,but overall increasing trend while the cultivated farm land area per capita has showed slightly decreasing trend since the reform and opening-up in Xinjiang.② There is a clear spatial difference of the cultivated farm land in each city compared with the whole region of Xinjiang.Based on the relativity change index of the cultivated farm land,we can categorize the cities to three types:slowly increasing areas,fast increasing areas and faster increasing area.Based on the gravity formula,we can see that the cultivated farm land gravity moves 97.9530 km to northeast during the past 31 years.③ As a result of factor analysis,the 9 driving forces affecting the cultivated farm land changes are analyzed and classified into three types:pressure of population,socio-economic factors,the level of agricultural structure adjustment and technical factors.Finally,this paper studies the reasons of cultivated land of growth and volatility,providing the basis of easing the pressure and rational use of the cultivated farm land.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40801065);; 中国科学院“西部博士资助项目”(XBBS200803);; 新疆师范大学研究生科技创新活动基金项目
【CateGory Index】: S159.2
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